Marine ecosystems are now among the most endangered on our planet. Pollution, overfishing, the...
7 days of Economics: The Fed knows it knows nothing
- FOMC members underscore the uncertainty looming over fiscalpolicy
- When in doubt, abstain?
Reading the minutes of FOMC meetings often gives rise to semantic debate: does “many” mean more than “several”? Does the word “participants” encompass more people than “members”? These are legitimate questions. Keep in mind that the responses given by “Fed watchers”, including ourselves, are subjective. For example, the minutes of the January meeting released this week led many commentators to underscore the following sentence: “ many participants expressed the view that it might be appropriate to raise the federal funds rate again fairly soon”. But the sentence doesn’t stop there, and goes on to place conditions on any such rate increase: “ if incoming information on the labor market and inflation was in line with or stronger than their current expectations ”.
Reading the rest of the minutes, we can see that there is tremendous uncertainty overfiscal policy: not only the content, but the size, timing, and net effect on the economy. A “couple of participants”argued that fiscal policy wasn’t everything, and that other factors should be taken into account. Other participants cautioned against adjusting monetary policy in anticipation of policy changes that might not be enacted. They would prefer to know the actual facts before taking action, and disregard their distant cousins, alternative facts.
Read moreAll news
Co-created by BNP Paribas in 2016, the VR Arles Festival returns from 1 July to 25 August. The...
The fight against global warming involves transitioning to a new low-carbon economy, one of the...