Financing and investment policies

As a bank, we are led to finance a number of industries, some of which pose major environmental, social and governance (ESG) challenges. That’s why we have adopted sector policies laying down strict ESG criteria meant to govern our financing and investments in these sensitive areas.

In accordance with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, the Group has thus pledged to act as a catalyst in the energy transition, to combat deforestation and to safeguard local populations. More generally, our sector policies incorporate ESG criteria to protect the human rights of workers throughout the value chain, as well as local communities.

These policies apply to all our business lines, products and services, and in all countries in which we are located. Rolled out gradually since 2010 as part of our Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy, they aim to assist our customers in their transitions towards sustainable practices for the climate, biodiversity and human rights.

Promoting the energy transition

Since 2010, BNP Paribas has made financing of the energy transition(Opens in a new tab) the priority of its environmental policy. In particular, this means assisting customers – individuals, corporates and investors – in their energy transition, in accordance with the net-zero carbon economy targeted for 2050. 

These objectives are implemented in financing and investment policies covering coal, mining, unconventional oil & gas, and nuclear energy.

In May 2023, BNP Paribas published its climate report for 2022(Opens in a new tab) which confirms the net-zero trajectories already announced for electricity generation, oil and gas, and automotive, as well as new commitments in the steel, cement and aluminium sectors.  

Three commitments between 2020 and 2025 toward a net-zero economy


of CO2 intensity of our financings for power generation.


of CO2 intensity of our financings for oil & gas extraction, production and refining.


of CO2 intensity of our financings for the automotive industry.

Our “Coal-fired power generation” sector policy

Released for the first time in 2010, this sector policy has been updated regularly over the years to incorporate criteria that are more binding. Its latest commitment, made in May 2020, announced a full exit from thermal coal by 2030 in European Union and OECD countries and by 2040 in the rest of the world.

“Coal-fired power generation” sector policy (Opens in a new tab)

Our "Mining industry" policy

Mining is a source of GDP for many countries and also supplies basic elements to most economic sectors. Many ores are also key to the energy transition, for example in playing a predominant role in electric vehicles or wind and solar power. The Financing and Investment Policy governs BNP Paribas’ activities in the mining industry, including within its strategy for exiting the thermal coal value chain.

our mining industry policy(Opens in a new tab)

Our "Oil & gas" sector policy

As part of its policy, BNP Paribas has stopped financing dedicated to oil projects since 2016. The Group has also discontinued its commercial relations with unconventional hydrocarbon specialists (shale gas, oil from tar sands) and no longer provides dedicated funding for projects to develop new oil or gas fields, regardless of financing methods. Moreover, BNP Paribas has stepped up its restrictions on financing ecosystems that are especially sensitive in Amazonia and the Arctic. In May 2022, for example, BNP Paribas extended its definition of the Arctic by adopting the definition of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme.

Our oil & gas sector policy(Opens in a new tab)

Our "Nuclear energy" sector policy

According to the International Atomic Energy Agency, nuclear power supplied 10% of electricity generated worldwide in 2020. Moreover, all of the IPCC’s “net zero” scenarios incorporate nuclear power into the projected energy mix. Through this policy, BNP Paribas wants to ensure that the projects that it helps finance are in compliance with global principles of monitoring and attenuating environmental and social impacts for the nuclear energy sector.

our nuclear energy sector policy(Opens in a new tab)

Combatting deforestation

Forests are not only the main global biodiversity reservoir, they also play a primary role in sequestering carbon, thus contributing actively to combatting climate change.

In accordance with its strategy for fighting climate change(Opens in a new tab) and for promoting the preservation of natural capital(Opens in a new tab),  BNP Paribas has established three policies for governing its financing and investments in the sectors of palm oil, wood pulp and agriculture.

BNP Paribas’ global commitment to protecting forests has been recognised by Global Canopy,(Opens in a new tab) an NGO, which ranked BNP Paribas at the head of 150 financial institutions in its Forest500 ranking released in January 2022. 

Three key figures in the fight against deforestation


million trees planted as of the end of 2021,

thanks to the distribution of structured products indexed to an ESG thematic index 


hectares of forests are expected to be preserved or restored in Kenya, 

 thanks to project Kasigau, funded as part of the annual offsetting of residual greenhouse gas emissions linked to Group operations


in financing of companies helping to protect terrestrial and marine biodiversity by 2025

Our "Palm oil" sector policy

Since 2017, the palm oil policy has included an assessment of new palm oil plantations, based on the high-carbon-stock approach. The policy aims to protect forests possessing a high stock of carbon and is one of the financial sector’s most advanced policies.

our palm oil sector policy(Opens in a new tab)

Our "Wood pulp" sector policy

As an important source of revenues for thousands of persons, wood pulp production can also have environmental impacts, in particular on deforestation. BNP Paribas’ wood pulp policy is based mainly on the standards of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Program for Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes (PEFC) to ensure sustainable management of forests.

our wood pulp sector policy(Opens in a new tab)

Our "Agriculture sector" policy

In February 2021, BNP Paribas incorporated new criteria into its agriculture policy to combat deforestation in Amazonia and the Cerrado. BNP Paribas now pledges to encourage its customers producing or buying beef or soy from Amazonia and the Cerrado in Brazil to have a zero-deforestation strategy in place by 2025 and to demonstrate their progress in a transparent fashion.

our agriculture sector policy(Opens in a new tab)

Safeguarding local populations and human rights

In accordance with the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights(Opens in a new tab), BNP Paribas has developed a financing and investment policy designed specifically to govern transactions in the sectors of defence and security. While recognizing each country’s right to defend its interests and protect its national security, this policy takes into account the risks that are specific to this sector.

Since 2017, BNP Paribas has also pledged to no longer finance or invest in the tobacco sector(Opens in a new tab), which the World Health Organization has identified as the number one cause of avoidable deaths. 


of BNP Paribas' sector policies incorporate human rights criteria

Our "Defense sector" policy

Released in 2010 and updated in 2017, BNP Paribas’ defence policy provides for strict exclusion criteria, particularly in weapons governed by major international agreements, such as antipersonnel mines or cluster bombs. It also provides for specific mechanism for protecting human rights, by refusing to finance the export of weapons to countries where the United Nations has found serious violations of children’s rights during armed conflicts.

our defense sector policy(Opens in a new tab)

Our exclusion list

As part of its sustainable development policy, BNP Paribas has drawn up a list of goods for which it excludes any transaction, due to the environmental or social risks they incur. This includes drift nets, asbestos fibres, tobacco and the production and trade in controversial weapons (as defined by the Group’s policy in the defence sector).

Read our exclusion list(Opens in a new tab)